2012年10月3日星期三 04:34-05:44 (更新于15:53)
On Multi-Dimensional Assessment
-- To the Participants of the Reunion of the 1998 classes of CFL-ZJNU*
October 3, 2012
“I have done nothing special for the past ten years.” was the utterance I heard from some of our alumni who were the students of College of Foreign Languages of Zhejiang Normal University and now are the backbone of the nation while devoting their intelligence and diligence to the career of teaching their own students. On hearing this utterance, I could not help thinking of its sources in uttermost confusion, keeping on questioning myself: “How is it possible? How is it possible? …” Seeking answers to this question led me to the following reflection.
In reality, assessment is multi-dimensional. Multi-dimensional assessment, as we assume it, can be interpreted in two layers.
One layer of multi-dimensional assessment is its existence in reality, that is, everyone experiences multi-dimensional assessment in the real world. As far as
the assessment agency is considered, we have social assessment, institutional assessment, community assessment, individual assessment and so on. As far as
the duration of time is considered, we have synchronic assessment and diachronic assessment. As far as the approaches to assessment are considered, we have
analytic assessment and synthetic assessment. As far as the emphasis of assessment is considered, we have capability assessment, performance assessment
and so on. As far as the objects of assessment are considered, we have personnel assessment, event assessment, and personnel-event assessment. As far
as the orientation of assessment is considered, we have retrospective assessment and prospective assessment.
The other layer of assessment concerns objective necessity and subjective aspiration, that is, judgement and decision making are conceived to require
assessment embedded in the process witnessed in reality on the one hand and, at the same time, the effect and functioning of our speech and behavior should be
determined through assessment on the other hand. Nevertheless, both the objective necessity and the subjective needs are multi-dimensional in nature.
The objective necessity of assessment can be observed from the following: (1) Objective necessity of assessment exists in the process of different kinds of
development such as social development, enterprise development and personal development. (2) It can be perceived from the innovation and transformation to
be expected. In order to bring about them, we need to identify blind spots in our vision and to seek new growing edges through assessment. (3) It would be
viewed from the crisis management in terms of inquiring into the nature of crises, gauging the severity of the crises and determining the crucial causes
of the crises.
The subjective needs of assessment can be observed from the following aspects: (1) Viewing the role of assessment from different kinds of development, we need it
for our personal and interpersonal development and our continuous adaptation to the ever-changing world. (2) Judging from our subjective needs for innovation
and transformation, we need assessment to sense our creative awareness, to mirror our creative spirit, and to weight our creative strength. (3)
Considering our subjective demand in crisis management, we are expected to reflect on our courage, confidence and integrity.
We need to be clearly aware that our consideration of multi-dimensional assessment should have its unmistakable orientation. It seems to me that this kind of* CFL-ZJNU = College of Foreign Languages, Zhejiang Normal University
orientation should target at the all-around development through various measures of multi-dimensional assessment.