吴本虎学友之园:综合认知能力发展探究

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创造性思维与发散性思维:对其关系的思考 (Relational Meditation: Creative Thinking vs. Divergent Thinking)

201289日星期四 02:36-03:33

Relational Meditation: Creative Thinking vs. Divergent Thinking

(创造性思维与发散性思维:对其关系的思考)

My former construct of creative thinking can be presented with the following formula:

Creative thinking = Divergent thinking + Convergent thinking

In the context of problem solving, divergent thinking is used to find different solutions to a problem while convergent thinking is used to find out the most appropriate or efficient solution to the problem through analysis and comparison between all the possible solutions. Thus, creative thinking can be used to solve one problem after another.

When “critical thinking” is taken into consideration, the preceding formula should be reconsidered. Instead of reconstruct this formula, I would replace this formula with a matrix that is expected to be more expressive and revealing (See Table 1):



  As far as the relationship between these four kinks of thinking is considered, in a sense, creative thinking consists of more divergent thinking but less convergent thinking while critical thinking consists of more convergent thinking but less divergent thinking.

Here, I feel I moved a step forward in advancement of my mediation: On the one hand, I expanded the construct of thinking by taking “critical thinking” into consideration. On the other, I replaced the one-dimension linear presentation in the form of a formula with the two-dimension non-linear presentation in the form of a table.

posted on 2012-08-09 04:19 吴本虎 阅读(80) 评论(0)  编辑  收藏


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该文被作者在 2012-08-09 04:35 编辑过
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  语言是认知的源泉。
  语言不仅是交际工具,而且是认识世界、改造世界和创造世界的源泉。
  语言始终在人类认识世界、改造世界和创造世界的过程中发展与丰富本身。
  所以,英语教学的目标不能长期局限于“培养交际能力”,而应当将“发展包括语言能力、思维能力、感知能力、记忆能力等在内的综合认知能力”作为新的目标。--吴本虎

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